Urinary Incontinence: Types and Causes

Urinary incontinence occurs when you lose control over your bladder and sometimes end up emptying your bladder’s contents completely. The leakage might range from minor to complete and the condition may be temporary or chronic depending upon what caused it. 

Urinary Incontinence is much more common among adults than we might presume it to be. Though this condition can normally impact anyone, it is more common amongst women especially those who are 50 and over. 

Aging can be a crucial factor when it comes to the muscles that tend to support your bladder. Aging causes these muscles to weaken and this can often lead to urinary incontinence. However aging might not be the only thing that can cause this condition. In severe cases this may also be a sign of certain infection, kidney stones or even cancer. If you are experiencing this condition then it is best to contact your healthcare provider for urinary incontinence treatment to stop it from interfering in your daily routine. 

Types of Urinary incontinence 

There are three general types of urinary incontinence and you may experience more than one type at a time depending upon your condition. 

  1. Stress incontinence: This condition may be triggered through physical activity. This means that you are more likely to lose control of your bladder while coughing, sneezing, exercising or even laughing. These types of physical activity often tend to stress the sphincter muscle and the stress can cause the muscle to release the urine. 
  2. Urge incontinence: This condition may occur after you suddenly have a strong urge to urinate. You might not even get the time to go to the bathroom when this urge may hit you. 
  3. Overflow incontinence: This condition may occur if your bladder hasn’t been completely emptied after urination. The remaining urine may often leak from your bladder and it is called “dribbling” as well. 

Causes of Urinary incontinence

Urinary incontinence may be caused by a number of reasons. Some of which are as follows:

  1. Damage to your pelvic floor muscles: Damage to your pelvic floor muscles can cause incontinence. This can be due to certain surgical procedures like hysterectomy or even natural childbirth. 
  2. Enlarged prostate: Your prostate gland, as a male, surrounds the neck of your bladder. It tends to enlarge with age and can cause incontinence as a result. 
  3. Cancer: Incontinence can also be caused by a serious condition like prostate or bladder cancer. Sometimes the treatment procedures for cancer can also make it hard for you to control the actions of your bladder. 
  4. Weakened bladder muscles due to aging: Your muscles tend to get weaker as you age. This raises the risk of incontinence. Maintaining healthy lifestyle practices can help you improve the chances of avoiding incontinence issues.

Other possible causes of incontinence: 

Urinary Tract infections (UTIs)


Kidney or bladder stones

Prostate inflammation 

Interstitial Cysts 

Side effects from medications

Lifestyle factors like too much alcohol or caffeinated beverages


Having incontinence issues is nothing you should feel embarrassed about. You should seek medical help as soon as you start experiencing this issue. Sometimes this can save you from an even more serious condition in time. Getting an accurate diagnosis and discussing your treatment options with your health care provider can save you from a lot of trouble. In case of any infections make sure that you tend to improve your sanitary habits as well. On the safe side, improve your overall habits and health, wear disposable masks, wash your hands frequently and stay safe during the whole Covid era.  

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Pete Campbell
Pete Campbell is a social media manager at who has worked as a database administrator in the IT industry and has immense knowledge about email marketing and Instagram promotion. He loves to travel, write and play baseball.

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