The legalization of hemp in countries like the USA has brought many opportunities for the plant to show its therapeutic side. Read more about this Farming Act that legalizes cannabis on this page here. Research has shown that hemp plant extracts like cannabidiol is useful for treating rare forms of epilepsy, depression, and anxiety.
However, many people are also aware of the hemp plants’ other derivatives, which is THC. Many weed users know that they can get high while smoking the flowers, which causes a lot of confusion to many potential users. The good news is that there’s a clear difference between medical cannabis and marijuana that makes you stoned. Here is some info about the two.
Hemp is Different from Marijuana
Many varieties of the cannabis Sativa plant are available today, and they contain varying THC and CBD levels. THC makes you stoned, high, and addicted to the weed, while CBD is non-psychoactive, used for pain relief, and can give you a relaxing feeling without getting you stoned. Hemp is a cousin of marijuana, but the two plants’ difference lies in their THC levels. The hemp plants usually have less than 0.3% THC content, while weed yields more than 30% of the compound during an extraction process.
For the longest time, scientists are only concerned about THC studies, which is the psychoactive component of weed. However, as time went by, they discovered that CBD compounds that are essentially hemp extracts could also offer calming effects and better sleep to the users without getting them high. There’s still a lot of undergoing studies between the two, but many consumers who are aware of these are getting all the benefits they can with CBD.
Aside from CBD and THC, it’s essential to know that there are other components found in the cannabis plant. They can be CBG, CBA, CBC, THCV, CBN, flavonoids, terpenes, and other phytocannabinoids that are beneficial to the body.
The researchers have discovered that the whole-plant extracts are more effective and faster in treating insomnia, anxiety, and depression than their isolate counterparts. With a little THC, the “entourage effect” is more potent, and the compounds work together to achieve the maximum effect on the body.
Different Types of Extracts
When you go to the shops, you may be faced with many bottles of cannabis extracts. What you need is less than 0.3% THC so that it will be safe for your health. Here are other differences between cannabis and extracts that you may be interested to know about.
1. Hemp Oil Extracts
The hemp oil comes from the seeds or the stalks of the hemp plant. It’s always known to benefit the overall health because it has plenty of phytocannabinoids that work with the body’s endocannabinoids. The more famous compound is called CBD or cannabidiol that contains a blend of flavonoids, terpenes, and others that work together for pain relief and homeostasis.
2. Hemp Seed Oil
The oil is exclusively extracted from the hemp seed. Unlike the hemp oil that comes from the plant, this does not necessarily contain CBD, and it’s usually needed because of its profile for fatty acids. The fatty acids gleaned from the hemp seeds are used for culinary purposes, and they generally provide health benefits to the consumers. Specifically, they are used to improve the hair, nails, and skin.
3. CBD Oil
CBD or cannabidiol oil is isolated and extracted using a supercritical CO2 extraction method. It contains very effective phytocannabinoids that come from pure, clean, and safe extraction. However, in other companies, they separate CBD from the hemp plant by adding butane and other solvents to the plants. You may want to choose the CBD products from the CO2 extraction because they are usually more effective, safe, and healthier than those extracted with ethanol and butane.
When you choose isolates 100% pure CBD, you may not get the entourage effect that many are enjoying, but these options are certainly more affordable than the full-spectrum ones. Learn more about isolates here: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/cbd-isolate. In many states where cannabis plants are legal, CBD can be made from both the Cannabis sativa and Indica variety.
4. Cannabis Oil
You may be faced with products that say that they have cannabis oil in them. They may contain both THC and CBD in varying degrees, but you need to ensure the concentrations so that you won’t get high.
One of the drawbacks of the oil that many users avoid is that it is usually purchased outside of the state. This means that they are not entirely legal because they contain higher THC amounts, and they can produce psychoactive effects on the users.
Methods of Extraction
In the United States, the extracts may come from the stalks of the plants with the help of solvents, CO2, or ethanol. With CO2, the hemp plants are exposed to a higher pressure combined with carbon dioxide at a lower temperature. This can preserve the plants’ phytocannabinoids, and there are no other solvents added which make the final product safe.
The drawbacks of CO2 extraction are that it can take a lot of time for the CBD to be extracted, and there are also the higher production costs which can drive up the sales. However, when you think about buying CBD products that are safe, effective, and clean, the price will be worth it, and you can get the relief from arthritis, anxiety, pain, and insomnia that you may be experiencing.